Биография Д.И. Менделеева
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Биография Д.И. Менделеева Биография Д.И. Менделеева

Северо-Кавказский  Государственный Университет
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                                                               Брежнев Е. Ю.

                                                               Катышева Л.И.

                              Г. Георгевск 2004
    How many up to him{it} all variety of elements which have  created  the
surprising world around of the person and which make his{its}  most  essence
tried to result chemists in system...
    How many people  have  staked  for  the  sake  of  it  the  life.  Many
understood, felt, that there should be such system - the law of the  nature,
aspired to open it{him} is and it is vain. It{he} has  constructed  its{her}
one - periodic system of elements. System of elements of D.I.Mendeleyev.
    It was the mighty person, because made him{it} under force only to  the
giant. How it  was  possible  to  it{him}?  Due  to  what?  Due  to  the  of
improbable force to talent, due to a fortress of spirit, due  to  confidence
that business of it{him} is necessary.
    It{He} has appeared in Petersburg silently  and  imperceptibly,  having
overcome on horses a long way from sleepy Tobolsk where it{he} was born,  up
to noisy, talkative Moscow  and   magnificent  city  on  Neva.  And  how  in
unfamiliar big city this blue-eyed young  man  who  is  not  having  neither
notable relationship, nor rich parents differently could appear?  Father  of
it{him} was director of the Tobolsk grammar school - a post not  the  god  a
message what profitable, and small glass which basically and began  to  feed
family after father, go blind, has been compelled  to  leave  teaching,  too
did not bring the big income. And nevertheless, when it{he}  ,  it  was  the
big impact for Mendeleev. After all fourteen souls of one children...
    Mitia was younger and, similar, the most favourite.  In  the  childhood
it{he} possessed not too a sound health, and in damp Petersburg air  and  at
all to feel began  itself  unimportantly.  Sometimes  he{it}  a  throat  had
blood, and doctors believed, that at him{it} last degree  of  a  consumption
began. It{he} laid in clinic of pedagogical institute where it{he}  studied,
when once during detour the  main  doctor,  thinking,  that  Mendeleyev  has
fallen asleep, has told to director: 
And , having heard the verdict, sat on  beds,  has  got  writing-books
and has there and then plunged into records with lectures.
    Institute friends have managed to arrange for Mendeleyev an audience at
court physician Zdekauera, and that, having heard  it{him},  has  delicately
advised to go on the south. To tell the truth, Zdecauer    has  given  still
advice - seem simply so, just in case Piragavim.
    And in Crimea at this time there was a war, and Pies, having rolled  up
sleeves, operated since early morning and till the late evening. For days  -
tens amputations. Mendeleyev many times saw it{him} from apart, but all  did
not dare to approach to it{him}. Pies was more necessary.
    Mendeleyev also could not think, that a kind of  Simferopol,  city,  in
general, enough removed from a front line, can make on  him{it}  such  heavy
impression. Restaurants worked, no, hospitals was a little,  and  around  of
city tents with a red cross have crowded. And everywhere ...
    Mendeleyev here knew nobody. Pies seem inaccessible. And  the  graduate
of the capital institute who has arrived on consultation to find  to  itself
put here, certainly, could not. And it{he} writes  to  the  brother  in  the
    But  at  last  Mendeleyev  before  Проговым.  The  great  doctor   with
unexpected attentiveness examines so strange here the patient and...  Grants
to it{him} a life! Mendeleyev has for  ever  remembered  that  has  told  to
it{him} of Pies: .
    The inspired Mendeleyev is born{carried}  to Odessa. With it{him}  only
that on it{him}, yes is a little money, but all so is good, ahead has put  -
tempting and interesting so much, now it is  necessary  to  hasten,  because
time lost in burdensome expectation, to not return any more.
    To Odessa at Mendeleyev a direction. It{he} has received there a  place
of  the  teacher  of  natural  sciences,  from  him{it}  there   the   small
laboratory, the first laboratory,  and  there  and  then,  near  at  hand  -
excellent library.
    Here, in southern seaside city, it{he} starts to search  - of what thought already for a long time and to  that
it{he} will devote all life.
    Half-year in Odessa, and Mendeleyev again  in  Petersburg.  It{he}  has
arrived not with empty hands: work which it{he} has brought - the most  thin
and most laborious  research  on  specific  volumes.  It  actually  his{its}
dissertation. She{it} gives it{him}  the  first  scientific  degree  of  the
master. The master of physics and chemistry. To Mendeleyev it  was  executed
then only twenty two years.
    It was his{its} first big victory. But a victory,  which  pleasure  has
saddened to  mountain:  favourite  sister  who  has  arrived  together  with
it{him} from Tobolsk has died. And now it{he}  has  remained  in  Petersburg
one. Sometimes  it{him}  pulls  home  -  look  on  native  places,  to  meet
relatives, but this dream even long decades will be dream.  And  only  on  a
slope  of  years,  already  world  famous  scientist,   coming   back   from
expedition{dispatch}, it{he} will make a hook to see  Tobolsk.  It  will  be
short returning, but full of disappointments.
    And in October  of  the  same  year  when  it{he}  became  the  master.
Mendeleyev  has  struck  all  friends:  it{he}  has  protected  the   second
dissertation. Of course - a case ! Scientists have  not  without  hesitation
accepted  Mendeleyev's  second  work  though  it   and   was   the   serious
contribution to chemistry . But too all this was unusual...
    And then young Mendeleyev on the post carriage which was rolled quickly
with the four of horses, goes in the first business trip - through Warsaw  -
further, to the well-known Heidelberg, in laboratory of the patriarch  .
    Mendeleyev trusted, that the days which have been lead{which have  been
carried out} to laboratories of  the  Heidelberg  university,  near  to  the
glorified chemist, to it{him} will  be  useful,  but  it{he}  was  mistaken.
Bunzer, borrowed{occupied} with the experiences, has met the  young  Russian
colleague politely, but it  is  constrained.  And  in  laboratory  where  to
Mendeleyev have allocated a place, there was all as it  is  impossible  more
inconsistently: in narrowness  students  crowded,  there  was  no  utensils,
reactants. Mendeleyev has immediately  understood,  that  here  it{he}  only
will waste time. With a kind of the deepest regret has  told  Bunzeru,  that
it{he} is unhealthy, has thanked  for  so  hospitable  hospitality  and  has
there and then moved down from a university apartment. And soon again  in  a
way. This time - to Paris, to  Celerony - to  that  Caleroni,  better  which
nobody could do{make} chemical devices and tools. Most exact  of  all  exact
weights because others  did  not  suit  his{its}  work  were  necessary  for
    It{He} has returned to Heidelberg where has removed{has taken off} tiny
 under laboratory and where it{he} was waited  already  with  the  concerned
letter of the trustee  of  the  Petersburg  educational  district  -  it  is
visible, messages on trick with  have reached.
    Mendeleyev has answered: .
    It did not hasten home - and not because did not wish to see the  city,
already for a long time becoming to it{him} native. It{he}  did  not  hasten
because in Heidelberg to it{him} was well worked,  it{he}  felt  like  free,
independent.  And  consequently  still,  that  here  it{he}  has  found  new
    Ivan Setchenov, Alexander Borodin, Dmitry Mendeleyev - they  were  then
are young, their names did not sound yet so loudly, but  each  of  them  was
already known for the works. All three excitedly were engaged in  chemistry.
Mendeleyev tried to comprehend essence of the phenomena occuring at a  level
considerably more thin, rather than molecular, and  has  opened  temperature
of  absolute  boiling.  Setchenov  has  penetrated  into  chemistry  of  gas
exchange in living tissues, and the author of    with  ecstasy
pottered with test tubes and flasks and by then was the  author  of  several
large printed works in chemistry.
    To Troy great Russian. Small . They worked not  hands, and  in
the  evenings  converged  for  is  expected,  shared  everything,  that  has
collected for a day. Hardly later, when to them has joined  Methnicov,  they
swore, that if from them in a  life  it  will  be  difficult  for  somebody,
everyone will gather to come to the aid. They have constrained this oath.
    ... And in Heidelberg they had happy time. In work all was got on - and
consequently the mood  was  fine,  and  they  had  a  rest  too  selflessly.
frequently sat down a grand piano, and that all time went in the next  small
town to listen to the well-known body.
    Together with Borodinym Mendeleyev quite often went to mountains.  That
them attracted... Unless it is possible to tell about it? They liked  to  go
upwards on difficult road, clinging for stones,  sometimes in  a  dirty  and
in a snow. And without it  in  a  life  something  lacked.  As  well  Dmitry
Ivanovich itself has written about it   - to the girlfriend of sister  Olga,
the future wife. As it{him} pulled then to  and as much  later  it{he}  will
be ready to give everything, everything if only to leave  it{her}.  As  well
it{he} has written to it{her}: 
    Friends united not only predilection for chemistry - they were in  many
respects  similar  -  with  identical  passion  were  given  work,  and   by
something, with a head were immersed in new business. It  was  to  tell  the
truth, shown at them differently. Mendeleyev all was given passion  and  did
not cool down, while in it{him} the  spark  decayed  even.  It{he}  did  not
undertake something another, was not convinced  yet  that  here  it{he}  has
learned{has found out} and has taken all. It{he} was sincerely  pleased  the
affinity with  as counted his{its} unusually  talented  person  and  thanked
destiny that she{it} has reduced them.
    And  was similar to noisy, sparkling fireworks which it{he} is  skilful
to prepare and prepared always , with  love.  It{he}  perfectly  painted  in
oils and drew, is skilful to mould and engrave - not  speaking  that  it{he}
played on many tools, - was the chemist and the composer. And how  to  know,
whether from this friendship with  went then  hobby for art.  Probably,  all
the same many-sided nature  -  it  really  inevitable  display  of  the  big
talent. The person, great really, probably, cannot  enclose  all  force  and
all talent in one channel. A life, as if being  afraid  to  lose  invaluable
particles of human talent, does not allow it{him} to make it.
    And  in  Petersburg  Mendeleyev  suddenly  feels  sharp   pleasure   of
returning. It{he} has understood, that  all  years  missed  this  city.  Now
it{he} not one here: sister Olga has returned.  Together  with  the  husband
decembrist Basarginym she{it} was in the long Siberian reference.  Here,  in
its{her} house, Mendeleyev  even  more  often  meets  with    -  she{it}  is
pleasant to it{him}, but it{he} badly knows women and is not confident  that
is necessary to follow advice{council} of the sister and  to  marry.  It{he}
wants to find out - whether they can with  understand each other, but  every
time perplexed stops: no, it is visible, has  not  stuck  to  hasten,  hurry
destiny. Let all develops how is, without any efforts.
    It{He} trusts, that so it will  be  better.  Then  suddenly  inflow  of
despair - it{he} doubts of itself, in the  and writes the  letter.  No,  not
the letter, and cry from the heart is born{carried} to the sister to  Moscow
(her{it} have carried away for the period of an affair). And  that  answers:
 And it{he} concedes.
    And in fact  that  is  strange:  it{he}  was  the  person  with  strong
character, is skilful to stand for itself and God forbid to someone  it{him}
to offend, and here suddenly it{he} has conceded. From  what?  It{he}  knew,
that has been in love only, instead of liked. And  married.  To  it{him}  it
was not indifferent? Probably, no. But it{he} trusted, that if  has  left  ,
for it{her} it would become valid impact. And it{he} could not reconcile  to
it. It{he} is not skilful to hurt anothers.
    In three years at  the son was born. Dmitry Ivanovich together with the
friend the professor Iljinym buys from the ruined prince small  , nearby  to
Klin, moves there and with  starts to be engaged in an agriculture.
    However, the hobby it was not casual: Mendeleyev for a long time missed
the nature.
    In  it is good it{him}. It{he} walked much, exploited,  strove  on  the
skilled field, and in the  evenings  quite  often  met  herd  going  from  a
pasture. It{he} very much loved all this.  But  business  not  only  in  it.
Experiences which it{he} puts, serve one purpose.  His{its}  science  should
to people concrete advantage{benefit}.  Here,  in  ,  it{he}  brings  up  in
itself(himself) other attitude{relation} to business: work of the  scientist
should not be outside of communication{connection} with practice. And  right
at the end of the life it{he} will recollect  these   days  and  will  write
about experiences: .,  it  appears,  when  it{he}
started to think of the future.
    For now still it{he} walked with the son on glades, with boyish passion
played on a lawn in a croquet, pottered on a  current,  collected  just  the
bought thresher. Also it was visible, that here,  in  ,  it{he}  feels  like
itself(himself), freely and happily.
    So thought, looking at him{it}, his{its} wife. She{it} thought, that so
will be always, that Dmitry Ivanovich has understood, at last, where and  in
what his{its} happiness. From one  only  these  ideas  the  wave  of  silent
pleasure overflew her{it}.
    But she{it} was mistaken. In its{her} husband the great scientist at
that time ripened. It{he} did not think of it. She{it} simply did not
understand it.
    And again Petersburg. The idea on chemical affinity of  elements  which
has come within students, again excited it{him}. It{he} has been  absolutely
firmly convinced, that by all means should exist  certain  law  -  imperous,
relentless which defines{determines} this affinity  or  distinction  of  the
elements occupying the world.
    How many up to him{it} was attempt - naive,  far-fetched  -  find  this
law, obeying it{him} to place all elements on harmonous  system...  At  that
time chemists have opened  and    64  elements,  knew  their
nuclear weights so the material for work already was. There was  no  only  a
person who would manage to penetrate into this secret laying as  it  seemed,
somewhere nearby and nevertheless inaccessible.
    French chemist Shankurtua searched for law, having arranged elements on
the screw cutting put on worth cylinder. All is vain.
    English chemist Njulends, the person,  probably,  the  refined  nature,
tensely searched for a solution with the  help  of  music.  It{he}  trusted,
that those parities{ratio} which exist  between  elements,  are  similar  to
parities{ratio} between musical tone and  his{its}  octave.   construct  the
system, it is artificial pushing in  it{her}  elements,   them  under  those
sizes which itself and has prepared. The  system  was,  but  the  system  of
elements was not.  it was necessary to go through  minutes when chairman  of
the British congress of scientists has  asked  it{him},  not  hiding  irony:
    Mendeleyev looked in the essence of the phenomena and did  not  try  to
search for any external communication{connection} uniting  all  elements  in
the base of a universe. It{he} tried to understand - that them connects  and
that defines{determines} their properties. Mendeleyev has arranged  elements
on increase of their nuclear weight and began to grope law  between  nuclear
weight  and  other  chemical  properties  of  elements.  It{he}   tried   to
understand ability  of  elements  to  attach  to  itself(himself)  atoms  of
relatives or to give the.
    It{He} has armed with lots of cards and has written on one  party{side}
the name of an element, and on other - it nuclear  weight  and  formulas  of
his{its} some major  connections.  It{he}  again  and  again  shifted  these
cards,  stacking  them  on  properties  of   elements.   And   in   his{its}
consciousness any new laws emerged, and it{he} with the familiar  excitement
previous to opening, cautiously  moved  ahead  further  and  further.  Hours
it{he} sat, having declined above the table, again and  again  peering  into
records, and felt, how the head and as eyes were  dimmed  with  a  shivering
veil started to be turned from a pressure{voltage}...
    Speak, that in dream to it{him} there has come inspiration and that  at
night to it{him}  as, in what order it is  necessary  to  spread  out  those
cards that all has lain in the places under the law of the nature.  Can  be.
The brain of the person always is awake. But there was  Mendeleyev  to  this
enlightenment years! It{he} moved ahead intelligently,  beforehand  planning
and expecting each next step. Can,  and  there  was  that  inspiration,  but
it{he} cannot be named casual.
    Mendeleyev has found communication{connection} even  between  the  most
unlike elements. It{he} has found out, that properties of elements  if  them
to place in ascending  order  nuclear  weights,  through  correct  intervals
repeat. Mendeleyev understood: accident it could not  be.  Then  it{he}  has
made last - deciding step: has arranged all elements also on groups,  having
united in separate families  of  close  relatives.  It{he}  so  clearly  saw
harmony of the system created by him{it}, that, having  noticed  absence  of
an element between aluminium and the titan, has left  to  it{him}  an  empty
seat.  Such  empty  cells{cages}  it  was  necessary  to  leave  two   more.
Mendeleyev's system allowed it{him} to expect opening.
    First of them has  followed  in  four  years.  The  element  for  which
Mendeleyev has left a place and properties which nuclear weight  it{he}  has
predicted, has suddenly appeared! Young French chemist Lekok   has sent  the
letter in the Parisian academy of sciences. In it{him} it was  spoken:  . But the most amazing still was necessary.
    Mendeleyev has predicted, still leaving for this element a place,  that
his{its} density should be 5,9. And  asserted{approved}:  the  element  open
by him{it} has density 4,7. Mendeleyev, and in eyes not seeing  new  it  and
is more surprising  than  elements  -  themes,  declares,  that  the  French
chemist was mistaken in calculations. But also  appeared :  it{he}  assured,
that was exact. This dispute resembled any  game  in  which  participated  .
This magician carried Russian name.
    Hardly later after additional measurements it was found out: Mendeleyev
was unconditionally right. The first element, filling an empty place in  the
table,  has named gallium in honour of the native land  of  France.  And  to
anybody then has not  occurred  to  name  it{him}  of  the  person  who  has
predicted existence of this  element,  person  who  has  once  and  for  all
predetermined a way of development of chemistry. It was made  by  scientists
of the twentieth century. Mendeleyev's name carries an element open  by  the
Soviet physicists.
    ... And houses at him{it} all goes somehow inconsistently.  To  it{him}
it is lonely. It{he} for a long time  already  knows,  that   it{him}  never
will understand. She{it} wants, that it{he} was the provisional  family  man
and all free time from teaching carried out{spent} together with it{her}  in
village. And it{he} cannot.  became for him{it} a stage in a life, and  this
stage appeared already behind.
    Mendeleyev for some months leaves for America - study local methods  of
an  oil  recovery.  America  surprises  it{him}:  it{he}  expected  to   see
something absolutely other. The first city of staff - New York.  It{he}  has
seemed to the great  chemist  simply  ordinary-looking,  reminding  the  big
district cities of Russia. The well-known petrocrafts? But  it{he}  anywhere
did not meet more thoughtless attitude{relation} to natural riches...
    However, it{he} did not meet still much in a life, this  large,  hardly
the man with a fair-haired beard and long hair. To it{him}  for  forty,  but
it{he} did not meet very important  in  a  life  that  fills  with  its{her}
special, quivering sense. It{he} yet did not like.
    They have got acquainted  in  the  house  of  his{its}  senior  sister.
Her{it} called Anna, she{it} was a daughter of the Cossack  colonel  and  so
did not resemble all girls whom it{he} met before... She{It} was  harmonous,
slow, under dense black eyebrowes the big  grey  eyes  shined,  and  a  head
decorated long, heavy . She{it} has arrived to Petersburg to act{arrive}  in
the Academy of arts, and has remained in this city  for  ever.  She{it}  has
found here of what is not courageous to dream and  in  the  most  courageous
    It{He} has fallen in love with it{her} as the boy. First it{he} at  all
did not understand, that to it{him} occurs:  near  to  it{her}  it{he}  felt
sharp attacks of loneliness. It was very similar to how  the  person,   from
thirst in desert, near to a  source  feels  tortures  more  sharply.  It{he}
avoided her{it}, was hidden on the half of house, but should  force  to  not
think in any way itself of it{her}.
    Father of her{it}, having learned{having  found  out},  however  coldly
she{it} has costed with the groom, disturbed, has gone  to  Petersburg  here
again has learned{has found  out}  that  all  knew:  his{its}  daughter  and
Mendeleyev like each other. However hopes at them any was not.   divorce  to
allow did not agree, and father Anna  ordered  to  demand  to  it{her}  from
Mendeleyev,  that  it{he}  will  not  search  with  it{her}  for   meetings.
Mendeleyev promised.
    But promised . It{he} simply could  not  constrain  the  word.  It{him}
attracted in those places where as it{he} knew,  it  was  possible  to  meet
her{it}. It{he} entered into a building of the Academy of  arts  and  waited
for her{it}, being hidden for columns, disappearing  in  shadows  of  halls.
It{he} also behaves as the boy.
    Father Anna undertakes one more step: it{he} sends the daughter for the
winter to Italy.
    There was a frosty December, and Mendeleyev, looking in a window of the
car, compressed a hat in hands. It was foggy,  and  it  seemed  to  it{him},
that they more never will meet...
    She{It} has left, and it{he} wrote to it{her}  the  letter  behind  the
letter and lowered{omitted} them in a box attached to a table  behind  which
worked. In fact it{he} promised to not remind of itself(himself)...
    Then it{he} accepted time to go to Algeria - on chemical congress.
    His{its} friend
- Beketov, seeing hopeless despair with which Mendeleyev  got  ready  for  a
trip, has not born and has rushed off to  in  .  On  what  it{he}  expected,
knowing her{it}, it was not clear, however contrary to any reasonable  logic
has managed to convince her{it} to  give  freedom  to  the  husband.  Having
secured with the consent to  divorce,  Beketov  on  wings  has  departed  to
Petersburg and has hardly - hardly found  Mendeleyev  before  departure  for
    The steamship has moored in Algeria, but Mendeleyev  onboard  was  not.
It{he} was in Rome. Near it{her}.
    From Rome - if only to remain together, they  have  rushed  to  Africa,
have come to be in Egypt, then - in Spain. And in Rome - so  hastened  -  to
anybody have not said goodbye...
    But up to full happiness it is still far. The  church  has  imposed  on
Mendeleyev's marriage{spoilage}  - an interdiction, and it{he}  seven  years
had no right to marry. One year later the Kronstadt priest has  broken  this
interdiction and has married Dmitry Ivanovicha to  Anna  Ivanovnoj  and  for
other day in punishment has been deprived the dignity.
    Such they had love. Difficult, beautiful, painful and happy. Mendeleyev
what it{he} touched in a life, was always given all -  with  passion,  in  a
mighty impulse. So it{he} liked, so destroyed enemies so  worked  -  day  by
day - all life.
    Were at him{it} and hobby, but even they turned  to  the  big,  serious
    Successively Mendeleyev is a lot of years was engaged  in  research  of
gases, he{it} had the most  serious  proceedings   this  theme.  But  it{he}
reflects and about the friend:  And is farther:  <... to attach a balloon hermetically sealed the elastic device for premise of observer which then will be provided with compressed air and can safely do itself definitions operate sphere>.  In  fact  that  is
surprising! About a tight gondola it{he} wrote for some  tens  years  before
, the subjugator of a stratosphere, for the first time has constructed  such
gondola. And the lowered device of a spacecraft on which Jury  Gagarin  came
back to the ground? The same idea. Idea of a tight cabin...
    August, seventh, 1887 Mendeleyev has  achieved  the  sanction  together
with the pilot and one more researcher to rise on a sphere  for  supervision
of a full solar eclipse. Grey rainy day was, all sky  is  tightened{delayed}
by clouds, and a  sphere  filled  with  hydrogen,  is  lazy  pulled  cables.
His{its} assistant V.E.Tishchenko  has  approached  to  Mendeleyev  and  has
told: .
    Mendeleyev has answered, and in this answer it{he} was all - and as the
scientist, and it is simple as the person: .
    Together with pilot Mendeleyev  through a board of a high basket and at
once has  understood:  the  sphere  will  not  lift  even  two.  And  it{he}
immediately decides to fly one. To think  only:  the  person  never  earlier
flying on a sphere, dares to fly alone!
    In flight it{he} is cool, all does{makes} ,  and  having
finished{stopped} all supervision, the  cord  going  from  the  final  valve
finds out, that, has got confused and does not allow to open  it{him}.  Then
Mendeleyev gets out of a basket, climbs up on  and untangles an  ill-starred
    Mendeleyev said goodbye to university in 1890, and  it  were  the  most
depressing days in his{its} life. It{he} left not at the will - and that  it
was heavier this farewell. It{he} has got on a student's meeting,  began  to
convince all , to it{him} have  not  listened,  then  it{he}  has  suggested
students to write the requirements and has promised to  inform  this  letter
up to minister of education.  The  word  it{he}  has  constrained  also  the
student's petition has handed over minister. And that has soon returned  the
letter accompanied with a  note  in  which  did  not  remain  places  of  an
ambiguity: the one who will be in the  service  his{its}  imperial  majesty,
.  Minister,  probably,  not  quite
realized, to whom it{he} paid these words.
    Mendeleyev did not begin to wait, while to  it{him}  will  hint  twice.
It{he} has submitted to  resignation.  The  rector  of  university  has  not
accepted the application. Then Mendeleyev has simply taken and has  put  the
paper sheet combined twice in a pocket of the rector.
    It{He} has read up a rate up to the end. Last lecture has  read  superb
though, probably, it dearly costed to it{him}. His{its}  audience  that  day
has been filled, as never: to say goodbye to  it{him}  there  came  students
and others . Being afraid of  excitements,  in  an  audience  have  directed
group  of  gendarmes.  Having  seen  them  in   a   hall,   Mendeleyev   was
lowered{omitted} on a chair and, having put  the  big  head  on  hands,  has
silently begun to cry...
    But it is far from being the end. It{he}  has  not  surrendered.  Still
worked more many. It{he} invents new,  gunpowder which gets huge  value  for
military  science  and  which  recipe  on  a  criminal  negligence  of   the
government departures to America. Mendeleyev warned, that so  can  happen  -
and happened. And in  1914  Russian  military  department  has  bought  some
thousand tons of this gunpowder from the States. Americans,  receiving  gold
from the Russia which has entered war, did not hide, that it .
    Then it{he}  becomes  the  scientific  keeper  of  Depot  of  exemplary
measures and weights, conducts huge work on introduction of  uniform  metric
system, personally defines{determines} weight of the standard  of  pound  in
grammes - with very big  accuracy  -  up  to  the  sixth  sign  after  zero,
moreover at war with bureaucrats, beating out money for  reconstruction  and
expansion of a building. Then, it is visible, having given up  as  hopeless,
has planned cunning:  has  organized  visiting  the  Board  of  Weights  and
Measures by his{its} imperial highnes and before  his{its}  arrival  ordered
to pull out from cellars any unnecessary devices, boxes  and  to  place  all
directly in corridors, on road, to create narrowness. Supervised  over  this
work (on memoirs of  his{its}  employee  O.Ozarovskoj)  assiduously:    And  in  fact  has  excellent  achieved,  that  wanted!  Money
    Such it{he} was the inventor who is were fond and at the same time such
constant. Has  written  somehow,  already  in  an  old  age:  .  Yes,  the  talent  is
many-sided. The genius - especially...
    The genius? Having heard once as someone from his{its} pupils has  made
it aloud, has become angry seriously, has waved hands and has shouted it  is
quarrelsome:   Is
not present, all the same the genius.

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